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The declining religiosity further increases the economic prosperity

Penelitian - Countries where abortion, divorce, and homosexuality are tolerated have a greater chance for economic prosperity in the future. Scientists report the findings of data analysis in Science Advances show secularization predicts future economic developments when accompanied by respect and tolerance to individual rights.

Research measuring variables in 109 countries spanning the 20th century (1900-2000) using data from the World Values Survey has revived an ancient debate about the relationship between secularization and economic growth. Studies show that a decrease in religiosity will increase the future economic prosperity of a country.

Penelitian The declining religiosity further increases the economic prosperity

"Our findings suggest secularization precedes economic development and not vice versa, but we suspect the relationship is not directly causal. We are concerned that secularization only leads to economic development when accompanied by greater respect for individual rights," said Damian Ruck from the University of Bristol at Oakfield House.

Rich countries tend to be secular while poor countries tend to have been well documented, but it is not yet clear whether secularization leads to wealth or otherwise. This subject has been debated including Emile Durkheim who claimed religion faded after economic developments, while Max Weber believes religious change drives economic productivity.

The new findings reveal that secularization precedes economic development, although this does not indicate a causal path. Secularization only predicts future economic developments when accompanied by individual freedom. Countries where tolerance of individual rights have greater opportunities for future economic prosperity.

"During the 20th century, changes in religious practice have predicted changes in GDP worldwide. This does not mean that secularization leads to economic development, because change can be caused by several third factors with different time lags," said Alexander Bentley of the University of Tennessee in Knoxville.

Journal : Damian J. Ruck et al. Religious change preceded economic change in the 20th century, Science Advances, 18 Jul 2018, DOI:10.1126/sciadv.aar8680